Οι υπηρεσίες του Ο.ΜΕ.Δ. παρέχονται στις συνδικαλιστικές οργανώσεις εργοδοτών και εργαζομένων καθώς και σε μεμονωμένους εργοδότες σε επίπεδο επιχείρησης που επιθυμούν να απευθυνθούν σε αυτόν. Μεταξύ των εργοδοτών συγκαταλέγεται και το Ελληνικό Δημόσιο, για τους εργαζόμενους με σχέση εργασίας ιδιωτικού δικαίου στις Δημόσιες υπηρεσίες, Ν.Π.Δ.Δ. και Ο.Τ.Α.
The determinants of part-time work in EU countries : empirical investigations with marco-panel data / by Hielke Buddelmeyer, Gilles Mourre, Melanie WardMaterial type: TextSeries: Economic papers (European Commission. Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs) ; 213,Publication details: [Luxembourg] : Office for Official Pumblication of the European Communities, 2004Description: 73σ. : διαγρ., πιν. ; 30εκISBN:
- 331.2572 21 εκδ.
|Βιβλιοθήκη ΟΜΕΔ Βιβλιοθήκη
|331.2572 BUD (Browse shelf(Opens below))
This paper aims to identify the contribution of the business cycle and structural factors to the development of part-time employment in the EU-15 countries, through the exploitation of both cross-sectional and time series variations over the past two decades. This analysis is used to comment on whether part-time jobs have been used as a flexible work arrangement by firms in the EU-15 over this period. Key results include that the business cycle, as measured by either the output gap or real GDP growth, is found to exert a negative effect on part-time employment developments. This is consistent with firms utilising part-time employment as a means of adjusting their labour force to economic conditions. Correspondingly, involuntary part-time employment is found to be countercyclical, being higher in troughs of economic activity. Splitting our sample by age and gender groups reveals a very significant effect of the business cycle on the rate of part-time work for young and male prime-age workers. Conversely, the effect is very weak for women and insignificant for older workers. Institutions and other structural (sociological, demographic and economic) factors are also found to be significant and important determinants of the rate of part-time employment. Changes in legislation to part-time employment are found to be effective, having a strong and positive impact on part-time employment developments. Moreover, employment protection legislation is positively correlated with the part-time employment rate, which is consistent with the use of part-time work as a tool for enhancing flexibility in the presence of rigid labour markets. Less robust evidence suggests that the unemployment-benefit replacement rate exerts a negative impact on part-time employment – indicating the presence of unemployment traps for some potential part-time workers. Cross-country evidence also suggests that the lower labour costs borne by firms when employing part-time - compared to full-time - workers has a large and positive influence on the part-time employment rate.